Facts About Tanzania
- Population: 36,481,000
- Capital: Dar es Salaam (administrative); 2,683,000—Dodoma (legislative); 155,000
- Area: 945,087 square kilometers (364,900 square miles)
- Language: Kiswahili, Kiunguja, English, Arabic, many local languages
- Religion: Christian, Muslim, indigenous beliefs
- Currency: Tanzanian shilling
- Life Expectancy: 45
- GDP per Capita: S. $600
- Literacy Percent: 78
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a place where nature is at its wildest. It is surrounded by three great lakes of Africa – Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi.
Tanganyika, a British-controlled UN trust territory, gained independence in 1961; and Zanzibar, a British protectorate with an Arab population, became independent in 1963. Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form Tanzania in 1964. Until resigning as president in 1985, independence leader Julius K. Nyerere guided two decades of socialism—adapted to the ujamaa policy of village farming. A multiparty system was established in 1992 after a constitutional amendment.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a place where nature is at its wildest. It is surrounded by three great lakes of Africa – Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi. Vast swathes of Savanah grasslands decorate Tanzania’s hinterlands and the real beauty of the country shines through its amazing biodiversity and wildlife.
Tanzania People & Culture
Tanzania’s population includes around 120 different African tribal groups. The largest group is the Sukuma, who live in the north-western part of the country, south of Lake Victoria.The country’s earliest people were hunters and gatherers, who inhabited the land as far back as5000BC. Around 800AD, traders moved to the country from India, Arabia and Persia (present day Iran), creating a diverse mix of peoples and cultures. Today, about 90 percent of Tanzanians live in the rural areas and live off what they can grow on the land. In more recent years, however, people have started to migrate from the countryside to developing towns and cities.
- Industry: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining
- Agriculture: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton; cattle
- Exports: Gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
Air Tanzania The Flag Carrier: Wings of the Kilimanjaro
Air Tanzania Company Limited (ATCL) is the flag carrier airline of Tanzania based in Dar es Salaam with its hub at Julius Nyerere International Airport. It was established as Air Tanzania Corporation (ATC) in 1977 after the dissolution of East African Airways and has been a member of the African Airlines Association since its inception
In 2016, the Tanzanian government under President John Pombe Magufuli initiated a new drive to revive the national carrier. The government purchased two new Bombardier Q400 for the national carrier, which were delivered in September 2016. In December of the same year the president’s office announced that a four additional aircraft would be purchased for the national carrier, with deliveries set for June 2018. Air Tanzania’s market share during 2017 increased to 24 percent from 2.5 percent the previous year.